Sperm donation laws vary by country. Most countries have laws on sperm donation and place limits on how many children a sperm donor may Sperm donation centers rise to. Other laws include a prohibition on use of donor semen after the donor has died, or to the payment to sperm donors. Other laws may restrict use of donor sperm for in vitro fertilisation IVF treatment, which may itself be banned or restricted in some way, such as to married heterosexual couples, banning such treatment to single women or lesbian couples.
Sperm donation centers on sperm donations or the ability to obtain IVF treatment in some jurisdictions has given rise to women seeking such donations or treatments traveling to countries which do not impose such restrictions, in a practice called fertility tourism.
Most jurisdictions have laws that limit the number of children a sperm donor may give rise to. The main reason to limit sperm donations is the risk of accidental consanguinity or inbreeding between donor offspring. In some countries such limits are voluntary while in others they are imposed by law. Most jurisdictions which set limits on the number of sperm donations do so in terms of number of donor offspring, but some jurisdictions set the limits in terms of "families", to allow for the children of the recipient woman to be true genetic siblings and because consanguinity issues are caught by a country's incest laws.
Most jurisdictions set only local limits, while a number set worldwide limits. Some jurisdictions permit the export of donor sperms, Sperm donation centers may not count in the limit on donor offspring, while the Sperm donation centers of donor sperm may be subject to local limits. In Victoriathere is a limit of 10 families per donor. Before the law was changed in Julya medical practitioner could make his or her own decision on the maximum.
In the late s Belgian fertility clinics or sperm banks imported large amounts of donor sperm from other countries and this led to Belgium becoming a ' fertility destination '. Sperm donation centers
However, the Belgian Parliament became concerned about this and, along with the promulgation of the Tissues Directive by the European Commission, the Government decided radically to alter the laws relating to maximum numbers.
There Sperm donation centers no upper limit to the number of donor offspring in Canada, but sperm banks generally follow the same recommendations as in the US, i. In Denmarkone donor may give rise to 12 children. However, Denmark also exports semen worldwide, and where it is the limit of the importing country that is followed, or, when there is no such limit, a fixed amount considering that country's total population,  in Sperm donation centers to minimise the risk of consanguinity.
Sperm donation centers Through the export it may result in that some single donors have over biological children worldwide who are genetic half-siblings .
In France, donations from a single donor may give rise to six families, but there is no limit to sibling numbers. Single women and coupled lesbians are not permitted to have treatment using donor sperm.
Women in these categories therefore seek treatment abroad, particularly in Spain, Belgium and Denmark. Before the changes to local laws in Spain and Belgium which restricted the numbers of children permitted to be born from a single Sperm donation centers, these were the preferred fertility destinations and clinics in these countries frequently bought in sperm supplies from abroad to satisfy demand.
Legislation provides that a donor may not produce more than fifteen children through his donations.
The legal position surrounding donations to single mothers and lesbians is still awaiting clarification by the courts. At present a donor can run the risk of paternity proceedings if his donations are used in such cases.
In Israel, sperm donation is mandated by the Ministry of Health. Only unmarried, healthy men under the age of 30 are allowed to donate sperm, and they are financially compensated for it. They are also prohibited from donating sperm in more than one sperm bank. Finally, anonymity is kept indefinitely; the donor would Sperm donation centers receive information regarding offsprings, and vice versa.
In New Zealanda voluntary policy law by fertility clinics limit one donor to "fathering" a maximum of 10 children to four families. Aroundfertility clinics in New Zealand voluntarily agreed they would only accept donations from non-anonymous donors. Clinics in Norway have a maximum of eight children per donor.
The law provides that there must not be more than six births per donor. The same law applies to egg donations. Prior Sperm donation centers the change in the law inclinics set their own maximums on the numbers of children produced from each donor. Spain was becoming a destination for fertility tourists, i. Many UK women were travelling to Spain at that time to be impregnated with Sperm donation centers imported from clinics in the UK for example, where there were already controls on the numbers of children which each donor could produce.
The change in the law in Spain coincided with Europe-wide discussions on the use and export of human cells. In Swedena donor may give a child Sperm donation centers a maximum of six couples.