Akamassiss ; Newfoundland Mature nl wikipedia Inthe province's population was estimated atThe province is Canada's most linguistically homogeneouswith In Labrador, the indigenous languages Innu-aimun and Inuktitut are also spoken.
Newfoundland and Labrador's capital and largest city, St. John'sis Canada's 20th-largest census metropolitan area and is home to almost 40 percent of the province's population. John's is the seat of government, home to the House of Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador and to the highest court in the jurisdiction, the Newfoundland and Labrador Court of Appeal. A former colony and then dominion of the United Kingdom, Newfoundland gave up its independence infollowing significant economic distress caused by the Great Depression and the aftermath of Newfoundland's participation in World War I.
It became Mature nl wikipedia tenth province to enter the Canadian Confederation Mature nl wikipedia March 31,as "Newfoundland". On December 6,an amendment was made to the Constitution of Canada to change the province's official name to Newfoundland and Labrador.
The name "Newfoundland" is a translation of the Portuguese Mature nl wikipedia Novawhich literally means "new land" and is also reflected in the French name for the Province's island part Terre-Neuve. Labrador's name in the Inuttitut language spoken in Nunatsiavut is Nunatsuakmeaning "the big land" a common Mature nl wikipedia nickname for Labrador.
Newfoundland's Inuttitut name is Ikkarumikluak meaning "place of many shoals". Newfoundland and Labrador is the most easterly province in Canada, and is located at the north-eastern corner of North America. Labrador, which is a large area of mainland Canada, and Newfoundland, an island in the Atlantic Ocean.
Newfoundland is roughly triangular. Labrador is an irregular shape: Lands drained by rivers that flow into the Atlantic Ocean are part of Labrador, and the rest belongs to Quebec.
Most of Labrador's southern boundary with Quebec follows the 52nd parallel of latitude. Labrador is the easternmost part of the Canadian Shielda vast area of ancient metamorphic rock comprising much of northeastern North America. Colliding tectonic plates have shaped much of the geology of Newfoundland.
Gros Morne National Park has a reputation as an outstanding example of tectonics at work,  and as such Mature nl wikipedia been designated a World Heritage Site. The Long Range Mountains on Newfoundland's west coast are the northeasternmost extension of the Appalachian Mountains.
Newfoundland and Labrador Mature nl wikipedia a wide range of climates and weather,  due to its geography. The island of Newfoundland spans 5 degrees of latitude, comparable to the Great Lakes.
Northern Labrador is classified as a polar tundra climate, southern Labrador has a subarctic climate. Monthly average temperatures, rainfall and snowfall for four places are shown in the attached graphs. John's represents the east coast, Gander the interior of the island, Corner Brook the west coast of the island and Wabush the interior of Labrador.
Climate data for 56 places in the province is available from Environment Canada. The data for the graphs is the average over thirty years.
Error bars on the temperature graph indicate the range of daytime highs and night time lows. Snowfall is the total amount that fell during the month, not the amount accumulated on the ground. This distinction is particularly important for St. John's, where a heavy snowfall can be followed by rain, so that no snow remains on the ground. The Mature nl wikipedia keeps winter temperatures slightly higher and summer temperatures a little lower on the coast than inland.
Human habitation in Newfoundland and Labrador can be traced back about 9, years. The number of their sites discovered on Newfoundland indicates they may have been the most numerous group of Aboriginal people to live there.
They thrived from about BC to AD Many of their sites were located on exposed headlands and outer islands. They were more oriented to the sea than earlier peoples, and had developed sleds and boats similar to kayaks.
They burned seal blubber in soapstone lamps. Many of these sites, such as Port au Choixrecently excavated by Memorial archaeologist, Priscilla Renouf, are quite large and show evidence of a long-term commitment to place.
Renouf Mature nl wikipedia excavated huge amounts of harp seal bones at Port au Choix, indicating that this place was a prime location for the hunting of these animals. The people of the Dorset Culture BC — AD were highly adapted to living in a very cold climate, and much of their food came from hunting sea mammals through holes in the ice.