George Raymond Richard Martin  born George Raymond Martin ; September 20, also known as GRRM is an American novelist and short story writer in the fantasyhorrorand science fiction genres, screenwriter, and television producer.
InLev Grossman of Time called Martin "the American Tolkien ",  and inhe was included on the annual Time list of the most influential people in the world. He has two younger sisters, Darleen and Janet.
His mother was of half Irish ancestry. However, while he also believed he was a quarter Italian because of who he was told was his paternal grandfather, a DNA test on the show confirmed his Irish and other ancestries but excluded any Italian ancestry, showing instead he is approximately a quarter Ashkenazi Jewish.
The family first lived in a house on Broadway, belonging to Martin's great-grandmother. Inthey moved to a federal housing project near the Bayonne docks.
He also wrote stories about a mythical kingdom populated by his pet turtles; the turtles died frequently in their toy castle, so he decided they were killing each other off in "sinister plots". While there he became an avid comic book fan, developing a strong interest in the superheroes being published by Marvel Comics and later credited Stan Lee for being one of his greatest literary influences; "Maybe Stan Lee is the greatest literary influence on me, even more than Shakespeare or Tolkien.
Fans who read his letters wrote him letters in turn, and through such contacts, Martin joined the fledgling comics fandom of the era, writing fiction for various fanzines ;  he was the first to register for an early comic book convention held in New York in InMartin earned a B. Martin persuaded Guthridge who confesses that at that time he despised science fiction and fantasy not only to give speculative fiction a second look, but to write in the field himself. Guthridge has since Dating rules from my future self online pl a finalist for the Hugo Award and twice for the Nebula Award for science fiction and fantasy.
Martin "wasn't making enough money to stay alive", from writing and the chess tournaments, says Guthridge. While he Dating rules from my future self online pl teaching, the sudden death of friend and fellow author Tom Reamy in late made Martin reevaluate his own life, and he eventually decided to try to become a full-time writer. He resigned from his job, and being tired of the hard winters in Dubuque, he moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico in Martin began selling science fiction short stories professionally inat age His first sale was "The Hero", sold to Galaxy magazine and published in its February issue; other sales soon followed.
In his story " His first novel, Dying of the Lightwas completed in right before he moved to Dubuque and published in That same year the enormous success of Star Wars had a huge impact on the publishing industry and science fiction, and he sold the novel for the same amount he would make in three years of teaching.
The short stories he was able to sell in his early 20s gave him some profit, but not enough to pay his bills, which prevented him from becoming the full-time writer he wanted to be. The need for a day job occurred simultaneously with the American chess craze which followed Bobby Fischer 's victory in the world chess championship. Martin's own chess skills and experience allowed him to be hired as a tournament director for the Continental Chess Association that ran chess tournaments in the weekends.
This gave him a sufficient income, and because the tournaments only ran on Saturdays and Sundays, it allowed him to work as a writer five days a week from to When the chess bubble subsequently burst and no longer provided an income, he had become much better established as a writer.
Martin was nominated for two Hugos that year but lost both awards, for the novelette " Although Martin often writes fantasy or horror, a number of his earlier works are science fiction tales occurring in a loosely defined future historyknown informally as "The Thousand Worlds" or "The Manrealm".
InMartin recalled that he had started writing science fiction-horror hybrids in the late s to disprove a statement from a critic claiming that science fiction and horror were opposites and therefore incompatible.
Martin considered Sandkings the best known of these. Another was the novella Nightflyerswhose screen and television rights were purchased by Vista inwhich produced a film adaptation, Nightflyerswith a screenplay co-written by Martin.
He has also written at least one piece of political-military fiction, "Night of the Vampyres", collected in Harry Turtledove 's anthology The Best Military Science Fiction of the 20th Century InMartin published a vampire novel titled Fevre Dream set in the 19th century on the Mississippi River. Unlike traditional vampire novels, in Fevre Dream vampires are not supernatural creatures, but are rather a different species related to humans created Dating rules from my future self online pl evolution with superhuman powers.
The unexpected commercial failure of The Armageddon Rag"essentially destroyed my career as a novelist at the time", he recalled. In the new editor of Baen Books, Betsy Mitchell, called Martin to ask him if he had considered doing a collection of Haviland Tuf adventures.
Martin, who had several favorite series characters like Solomon KaneElricNicholas van Rijn and Magnus Ridolphhad made an attempt Dating rules from my future self online pl create such a character on his own in the s with his Tuf stories. He was interested, but was too occupied with the writing of his next book, the never completed novel Black and White and Red All Overwhich occupied most of his writing time the same year.